3u娱乐真人娱乐|【英语阅读进阶版】The World’s Highest Mountain … of Trash
the world's highest mountain … of trash
——高中进阶 (2018-2019学年第28期) 1版
mount everest, better known as qomolangma in tibetan (藏语), meaning "holy mother," is the world's highest mountain above sea level. no wonder most people consider climbing to the top of the 8,848-meter-high mountain as one of their biggest achievements. more than 4,000 climbers, ranging in age from 13 to 80 years old, have managed to perform the remarkable feat (壮举). three people from the sherpa (夏尔巴人) community hold the current record at 21 times each!
you may be surprised at these numbers, but that's just the start of it. last year, cleanup crews collected as much as 8.4 tonnes (吨) of garbage from mount everest's north base camp in tibet at 5,150 meters, a site which was visited by tens of thousands of tourists each year. and in the regions below that level, more than 335 tonnes of waste was collected. what a sad fact it is that the highest mountain in the world is turning into the highest mountain of trash!
to reverse the trend, the chinese government recently announced that it had closed the north base camp to tourists (everest is on the border of china and nepal). from now on, ordinary tourists will only be able to travel as far as rongbuk monastery (绒布寺), about 5,000 meters in elevation (海拔). no more than 300 climbers with special permits will be allowed to climb everest each year. they are supposed to follow stricter rules to protect the environment, including carrying all of their waste out with them and only climbing in spring.
despite these tough measures, it is clear that tourism has caused enormous, long-term damage to the natural environment. mount everest is not alone. some popular parks around the world are also struggling to preserve their environments and keep up with increased tourism. growing up in the united states, i regularly went to national parks with my family. believe it or not, grand canyon and yellowstone national parks have long been troubled by the management of overflowing (溢出的) trash piles. during the most recent u.s. government shutdown, joshua tree national park suffered a wave of vandalism (故意破坏公物的行为), with graffiti (涂鸦) sprayed on rocks and ancient trees destroyed. in order to protect remaining trees and the environment, the national park service had no choice but to close the park temporarily.
as far as i can see, it makes sense to close mount everest to tourists. the natural environment can be destroyed by human activity in less than five minutes, but it might take hundreds of years or even longer to recover. now it is time for ordinary tourists to leave "holy mother" alone and wait for her to restore her beauty.
do you like climbing mountains? have you ever thought of climbing mount everest, the world's highest mountain above sea level? why or why not?
while only a small number of experienced climbers are able to summit mount everest, most people, including you, can arrange a visit to this mighty mountain. which of the following pictures best show(s) what it might look like in your mind?
1. no more than① 300 climbers with special permits will be allowed to climb everest each year. they are supposed to follow② stricter rules to protect the environment …
① no/not more than + sth.: used to emphasize that a particular number, amount, distance, etc. is not large 不超过，至多
② be supposed to do sth.: used to say what sb. should or should not do, especially because of rules or what sb. in authority has said 应该做某事
e.g. you are supposed to pay the bill by friday.
2. during the most recent u.s. government shutdown, joshua tree national park suffered a wave of vandalism, with graffiti sprayed on rocks and ancient trees destroyed① … the national park service had no choice but to close② the park temporarily.
① 在“with/without + 宾语 + 非谓语动词”的结构中，过去分词表示其与宾语为被动关系。
e.g. you look different with your hair cut.
② have no choice but to do sth.: to have to do a particular thing because there is no possibility of doing anything else 别无选择（只能做）
e.g. we had no choice but to dismiss her.
3. as far as i can see, it makes sense① to close mount everest to tourists … now it is time② for ordinary tourists to leave “holy mother” alone and wait for her to restore her beauty.
① make sense: to be a sensible thing to do 是明智的，合乎情理的
e.g. it would make sense to leave early.
② it is (high) time for sth. / to do sth. / that: this thing ought to happen or be done now 现在该做……了（★ that从句用过去式）
e.g. it is high time that the two countries solved the conflict.
complete each sentence using one word from the box in its correct form. note that there is one word more than you need and you can use each word only once.
achievement reverse enormous preserve temporarily restore
1. i've ____________ only half of what i had hoped to do.
2. every one of us has made a(n) ____________ effort to keep the classroom clean.
3. annie carefully ____________ all her mother's letters.
4. some measures have been taken to ____________ public confidence in the pre-school education.
5. the negotiation will only provide a(n) ____________ solution to the crisis.
1. achieved 2. enormous 3. preserves
4. restore 5. temporary
2. 从全盘考虑，我们别无选择只好取消休假。(with; choice)
3. 这些便宜的大衣质量也不错，非买那件贵的是不明智的。(make sense)
1. all passengers are supposed to arrive at the airport at least two hours before the departure time.
2. with everything taken into consideration, we had no choice but to cancel our holiday.
3. it doesn't make sense to buy that expensive coat when these cheaper ones are also of high quality.
4. it is (high) time that some domestic businesses followed the trend towards flexible working hours.
choose the best answer.
1. according to the article, which of the following statements about mount everest is true?
a. its base camps in china and nepal were both closed to tourists.
b. it has become a tourist attraction in recent years.
c. it attracts thousands of experienced climbers each year.
d. it has been faced with waste problem for a long time.
2. according to the article, the chinese government hopes to preserve mount everest by restricting _____.
① the tourists to about 5,000 kilometers
② the number of tourists to the north base camp
③ the number of climbers who attempt to summit the mountain
④ the climbing season to spring
a. ①②③ b. ①②④ c. ①③④ d. ②③④
3. the last two paragraphs mainly talk about ______.
a. why over-tourism is a growing global problem
b. how mount everest followed the example of national parks in the u.s.
c. how to keep a balance between environmental protection and the development of tourism
d. why it is reasonable for the chinese government to limit the access to mount everest
xia boyu (夏伯渝) was awarded the 2019 laureus sporting moment of the year (劳伦斯最佳体育时刻奖). he reached the peak of mount everest on may 14, 2018 at the age of 69. it was his fifth attempt on the mountain. xia is the first double amputee (双腿截肢) mountaineer who successfully climbed to the top via nepal. he lost his feet during his first attempt in 1975. what do you think of xia's story? exchange your ideas with your classmates.
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